Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder. It is common among women of reproductive age and causes the production of higher-than-normal amounts of male hormone called androgen. Women suffering from PCOS have irregular menstrual periods and their ovaries tend to develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.
If you have any of these symptoms, get yourself checked by a Gynecologist in Islamabad or your city.
Symptoms appear in most women around the time of their first menstrual period but some experience them later for example after weight gain or when having difficulty in conceiving. Some common symptoms of PCOS include the following:
- Irregular periods: Some women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year. This is because a lack of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month.
- Heavy bleeding: Women also tend to get abnormally heavy bleeding during menstruation as the uterine lining builds up for a longer period of time.
- Hair growth: More than 70 percent of women with PCOS have excess hair growth on their face and body (including on their back, belly, and chest).
- Acne: Male hormones can make the skin oilier than usual resulting in breakouts on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
- Weight gain: Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or obese.
- Male-pattern baldness: Hair on the scalp gets thinner and fall out.
- Darkening of the skin: Dark patches of skin can form in body creases like those on the neck, in the groin, and under the breasts.
- Headaches: Hormone changes can also trigger headaches in some women.
While the exact cause of PCOS still remains unknown, some factors believed to contribute to the disorder include the following:
- Excess Insulin: Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas that allows cells to use sugar from foods for energy. If your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, your cells cannot use insulin properly. This results in the rise of blood sugar levels. This triggers the production of more insulin. In turn, excess insulin increases the production of androgen, causing difficulty with ovulation.
- Low-grade inflammation: This refers to the production of substances to fight infections by the white blood cells. Studies show that women with PCOS have a type of low-grade inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgen. These increased levels of androgen can then cause heart and blood vessel problems.
- Heredity: Certain genes are believed to be linked to PCOS.
- Excess androgen: The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen that result in skin problems such as acne and hirsutism (excess hair growth).
Various symptoms of PCOS can be treated differently but in general involve a slight change in lifestyle. Some tips include:
- Losing weight and eating a healthy diet
- Using medication for treating excessive hair growth, irregular periods, and fertility problems etc
- Simple surgical procedure called laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) may help with fertility issues in case of ineffectiveness of medicines
- Exercising regularly
Although PCOS is a common gynecology issue in women, it can result in many problems such as the disruption of menstrual cycles and difficulty in getting pregnant. However, correct diagnosis and proper treatment from the Best Gynecologist in Lahore or your region can help treat of most symptoms.