What Does Full Spectrum CBD Mean?

When you hear companies and other people talking about CBD full-spectrum products it can be a little confusing, especially if you are unaware of the various spectrums of hemp extracts. Since the hemp industry is catapulting itself to the top of the markets and raking in billions of dollars in revenue every year there will not be an end to CBD products any time soon. In fact, as the acceptance of hemp products grows, so does the appetite for more new and exciting ways to experiment with it. If you are going to try some experimentation yourself, you might want to understand what it is that you are experimenting with.

How Hemp Extracts Work?

CBD is only one cannabinoid amidst over a hundred other cannabinoids that are found in the hemp plant. When people refer to the term “full-spectrum CBD” they are actually talking about a full-spectrum hemp extract. Confusing? Let’s explain.

The Full Spectrum

As we mentioned earlier CBD is one of many cannabinoids that are all part of the hemp plant. CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, and many more are all part of one big whole. Besides the available cannabinoids, there are also numerous flavonoids and terpenes that are present as well. All of these compounds together make up the essence of the hemp plant. When you extract the essential oil from the hemp plant without any processes to take any of the compounds out of the mixture, you are performing a full-spectrum hemp extract. Full-spectrum extracts include the full spectrum of the plant, including a small amount of THC.

The Broad Spectrum

Another popular type of extract is broad-spectrum hemp extract. There is a theory that all of the components of the hemp plant work together in order to deliver a higher-quality effect for the user. This phenomenon is known as the entourage effect. Since the full-spectrum only has a tiny amount of THC there may or may not be a difference as far as that is concerned. However, according to the entourage effect, the rest of the cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes all work together as one in order to deliver a highly favorable effect. In a broad spectrum extract, you only get a broad spectrum of the hemp plant, which means that most of the other key elements of the plant are still intact, but there is absolutely no THC. A broad-spectrum extract is THC-free.

The Isolate Spectrum

Another popular extract that many people enjoy is the CBD isolate extract. In this type of extract, the process is a bit different. Instead of extracting the entire essence of the hemp plant into oil, only the CBD is drawn out and is isolated from the rest of the compounds. This means that there is no THC, no other cannabinoids, no terpenes, no flavinoids. All that is left is a crystalline substance that is between 95 and 99% pure CBD, depending on the extraction process. It is obvious that if the entourage effect played a factor in the effectiveness of CBD that an isolate extract would not be beneficial at all. However, since CBD is such an amazing cannabinoid it has the potential to deliver all of the benefits that it has to offer on its own.


Now that you have a better understanding of the way that CBD and other hemp-derived products become available in the process of hemp extraction you can make an educated choice on what kind of CBD product would be best for you. Some people have extreme sensitivities to THC and would rather not have it in their CBD products. Some people don’t care whether it’s there or not, and some would very much prefer it. Whatever your preference is, there is more than likely a product out there that will best match your needs.

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